What is Engineering?

Engineering is a stream of education which involves the application of Science, Technology and Mathematics to innovate, design, develop and maintain machines, structures, software, hardware and systems & processes. This field offers a range of career opportunities across all industries, making it one of the most sought after course pursued by students after Class XII, especially those from the Science stream.

Students planning to study Engineering in India can choose from nearly 100 specializations, with Computer Science Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering being some of the most popular ones.

Eligibility for Engineering Courses





Candidates must have passed Class XII exam from a recognised board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects

They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60 per cent in the above subjects combined

BTech Lateral Entry

Candidates must have passed a three-year Diploma granted by the Board of Technical Examination of a State Government, with minimum 45 per cent aggregate marks or equivalent


Candidates who have completed their BE/BTech degree with a valid score in GATE are eligible for ME/MTech degree course


Aspirants must have passed Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent examination, with at least 35 per cent in Science and Maths subjects


Aspirants must have secured a minimum of 55 per cent marks or 5.5 CPI marks in BTech/MTech or equivalent degree in appropriate branches

Engineering Entrance Exams

Most of the engineering institutes in India select candidates for admission on the basis of entrance exam scores and ranks. While some technical institutes accept AIR (All India Ranks) secured in national level exams, and some conduct their own entrance exam. Here are some of the popular engineering exams in India at the UG and PG level.



JEE Main

GATE is one of the most popular postgraduate engineering entrance exam for admissions to MTech programmes in India

JEE Advanced





All Programmes

Under graduate Programmes

  • B.Tech. | Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech. | Computer Science and Engineering
  • B.Tech. | Computer and Communication Engineering (CCE)
  • B.Tech. | Electronics and Computer Engineering
  • B.Tech. | Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • B.Tech. | Information Technology
  • B.Tech. | Mechanical Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Computer Science and Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Information Technology 
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Mechanical Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Computer & Communication Engineering
  • B.Tech. (Hons) | Electronics & Computer Engineering

Post graduate Programmes

  • M.Tech. | CSE (Artificial Intelligence)
  • M.Tech. | CSE (Data Science)
  • M.Tech. | MECH (CAD/CAM Engineering)
  • M.Tech. | ECE (Intelligent Systems)
  • M.Tech. | CSE (Cyber Forensics and Information Security)

Doctoral Programmes

  • Ph.D. | Engineering and Technology

Top Engineering Colleges in India: National Institutional Ranking Framework Ministry of Human Resource Development Government of India

INSTITUTE ID                                                    NAME                                                                                         CITY                                                  STATE                       SCORE     RANK 

Polytechnic Courses

Polytechnic Courses: Choosing a suitable career is the first step one takes towards achieving success. The students studying in standard 10 and 12 should choose their stream from beforehand so that they can work and develop their skills towards the course he wanted

A Polytechnic course consists of various courses like applied science and industrial arts. It also includes various vocational and technical courses. The polytechnic institutions provide diploma courses, post-diploma courses, and certificate courses. The Polytechnic institutions are a bit different from any other university. They are more inclined to offer a student primarily the best practices or field knowledge, and theoretical expertise comes next.

This article is helpful for students willing to pursue an excellent polytechnic course. In this article, we have tried to list some of the best Polytechnic courses one can pursue after passing their 10th and 12th standard.

Polytechnic Colleges in India

Types Of Colleges Available

There are mainly two types of Polytechnic colleges in almost every state of India and all the major districts in India. It is a boon to the students, and the kinds of Polytechnic College are as follows:

  • Polytechnic Colleges mostly funded by the Government or the Government Polytechnic College, and
  • Private, or Self-Financed Polytechnic Colleges.

Polytechnic Courses Available

Types Of Courses Available

The job oriented diploma courses that the Polytechnic Colleges provide can be further divided into two subcategories, namely:

  • Non-Technical Diploma courses,
  • Certificate courses, and
  • Technical Diploma courses.


The minimum qualification one requires to obtain any polytechnic course is to pass the 10th standard from a recognized board. The students who have passed the 12th standard can also pursue the course.

Duration Of The Course

The duration of the Polytechnic courses is 2 to 3 years, depending on the course type.

Admission Process for the Polytechnic Course

The Government Polytechnic Colleges, which are reputed and well established, are known to conduct examinations after selecting valid candidates who have the desired percentage.

The Uttar Pradesh Joint Entrance Exam UPJEE (Polytechnic), UP Polytechnic Entrance Exam, Joint Entrance Examination Council of Uttar Pradesh (JEECUP) are the different names given to the state-level entrance examination for the candidates interested in getting admitted in the Diploma and the Post-Diploma course in the best polytechnic colleges in Uttar Pradesh.

The mode of examination is offline, where the candidate has to attend 100 objective type questions, and the minimum age limit is 14.

The students from the Uttar Pradesh domicile would be given more preference.

The Telangana State Polytechnic Common Entrance Test or the TS PolyCET is another examination conducted by any state board to select deserving students for the best polytechnic colleges in the state of Telangana. The examination is held once every year. The mode of the examination is offline.

Candidates from the Indian Council for Secondary Education, Central Board of Secondary Education, Telangana Open School Society, National Institute of Open School, Andhra Pradesh Open School Society, or any other equivalent examination board is eligible to take the test.

Some of the Top Polytechnic Courses available in India

Under the Polytechnic Diploma courses, these are the few available courses:

  • IT Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Mining Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Agriculture Information Technology
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering
  • Power Engineering
  • Motorsport Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Metallurgy Engineering
  • Production Engineering

Some of Best Polytechnic Colleges

Listed below are some of the best polytechnic colleges in India:

  • Magarpatta Institute of Hospitality Management or MIHM, Pune
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology or NIFT, Navi Mumbai
  • Institute of Hotel Management, Catering, and Nutrition or IHM PUSA, New Delhi
  • Institute of Hotel Management, or IHM, Mumbai
  • CMC Vellore
  • Asian College of Journalism, or ACJ, Chennai
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University or TAU, Coimbatore
  • Diploma Courses
  • Diploma In Engineering Courses

Lateral Entry: If one has pursued any of the above-mentioned courses, one may get direct admission into the second year of relevant B.Tech or B.E program. This direct admission into the second year is called lateral admission.

Information On Some Selected Polytechnic Course

Diploma In Mechanical Engineering: The academic program which deals with mechanical engineering is 3 years long. The course covers topics such as –thermodynamics, the theory of machine, working of the machine, physics, engineering graphics, etc. After completing this course, one may have the chance of lateral entry in the second year of the relevant B.E or B.Tech course.

Diploma In Electrical Engineering: This academic program which primarily deals with aspects like transformers, the transmission of electricity and its generation, electric circuits is 3 years long. Electrical engineers may pursue a Master’s Degree after the completion of this course in fields such as EC, Large Scale Integrated Circuits, etc. Also, lateral entry is available for B.Tech or B.E courses in Electronics or Electrical Engineering.

Diploma In Civil Engineering: The academic course that deals with the construction and maintenance of buildings and other physical structures like roads, dams, bridges, canals, etc. is 3 years long. After completing this course, one might avail of the lateral entry into the relevant B.Tech or B.E course.

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